Bad News: AI and 5G Are Expected to Worsen Cybersecurity Risks

Experts believeArtificial intelligence (AI) could introduce new cybersecurity concerns, and that the upcoming 5G network could pose new risks as well.

Information Risk Management (IRM) recently published its 2019 Risky
Business Report. The document shows the results of polling
decision-makers in the cybersecurity and risk management sectors to get their
expert opinions on things like the changing threat landscape, corporate
decision-making about cybersecurity and other pertinent topics.

Two topical things covered in the report were the fact that artificial intelligence (AI) could introduce new cybersecurity concerns, and that the upcoming 5G network could pose new risks as well. Here’s a look at how the report frames AI and 5G in cybersecurity.

Most Respondents Say AI Will Impact Their
Cybersecurity Strategies

The IRM report found that 86% of those polled think AI will impact
their cybersecurity strategies within five years. It also concluded that the
top three cybersecurity reasons that respondents use AI now are for network
intrusion detection and prevention, fraud detection and secure user authentication.

However, the report calls AI “a double-edged sword.” It
recognizes the worthiness of using AI for some cybersecurity requirements, such
as to detect fraudulent bank account activity. However, the report also brings
up how cybercriminals will use AI to carry
out attacks, and clarifies that at least one such incident has
occurred already.

Companies should not overlook how AI could enhance their cybersecurity
plans, particularly if they struggle with not having enough cybersecurity team
members to assess and categorize all the threats a company faces. Enterprises
must simultaneously stay abreast of known or suspected ways that cybercriminals
may utilize AI for more-successful, widespread attacks.

AI could also assist sectors that cybercriminals frequently target,
such as the education industry. Cybercriminals know that entities in education
have historically
lacked cybersecurity resources, a problem that makes it
easier to pull off successful attacks. One tip that education brands should
follow is to create a prioritized list of risks. AI often makes it easier to
take care of that responsibility without unnecessary delays.

The 5G Network Expected to Ramp Up
Cybersecurity Risks

Another highlight of the IRM report is that 83% of respondents
anticipate 5G introducing new threats to tackle. More specifically, their three
top concerns were that there would be an increase in attacks associated with
Internet of Things (IoT) networks, that the 5G network would create a wider
attack surface and that 5G hardware and firmware would lack security by design.

Those opinions mirror others discussed in recent coverage from
Brookings Institute cited in the IRM report. It insists 5G’s arrival requires
different techniques used to handle cybersecurity needs.

Shamik Mishra of Altran Group is another source brought up in the IRM
report. Mishra specifically mentioned how the increased deployment of
distributed network data centers would increase the size of the attack surface
associated with the 5G network. Moreover, the presence of new and third-party
applications once 5G arrives will increase the possibility of threats.

Other Findings From the Report

The coverage above is the extent of material in the IRM report about AI
and 5G in cybersecurity. However, the document also contained
other findings that are likely of interest to people who care
about cybersecurity and data privacy. For example, most decisions about which
cybersecurity solutions to deploy are still cost-based rather than driven by
which options are the safest to use.

Positively, however, 91% of people who weighed in to help create the IRM
study said that greater awareness of cybersecurity from C-level executives has
affected their decision making. That could mean that companies will more often
take a top-down approach when ironing out their cybersecurity strategies or
making them better.

Another good sign is that 93% of the people who gave answers for the
report said they had incident management plans in place. The study cautioned
how the 7% of organizations that don’t should never assume they’re not targets
for hackers. It brought up the example of a Missouri radio station that had its
audio files compromised.

The IRM report presumably referred to an August 2019 incident involving
ransomware that corrupted all the
audio files associated with a Christian station. The criminals
demanded $100,000 to restore access to the rightful owners, but the station
decided not to pay it.

Using AI and 5G in Cybersecurity Requires
Careful Planning

As the IRM study shows and the supplementary sources emphasize, AI and
5G necessitate thinking about cybersecurity differently than before and planning
for the challenges they’ll bring. Now is the time for companies and their
cybersecurity teams to do that. Waiting could leave enterprises scrambling to
catch up and make them exceptionally vulnerable to preventable risks.

Companies also must not overlook how AI and 5G could create new risks. Planning how to conquer them now helps enterprises get prepared. Although outside sources haven’t published responses to this report yet, it likely gives them valuable reminders.

About the author

Kayla Matthews is a technology and cybersecurity writer, and the owner of To learn more about Kayla and her recent projects, visit her About Me page.

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Pierluigi Paganini

(SecurityAffairs – secure email gateways, malware)

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